Most people are aware that smoking is not just the risk of lung cancer and heart disease, while also reducing their chances of getting asthma and even macular degeneration, etc. Few however, you may be aware of the devastating habit of ensuring successful results in all kinds of operations, from cosmetic procedures to appendectomies, hysterectomies and even joint replacement and so on. In fact, a recent study found that smokers undergoing knee and hip replacements have an 80% higher chance of requiring recurrence due to infection complications than non-smokers.
In addition, smoking has a negative effect on healing in all bone operations, from simple fractures to spinal fusions, as nicotine impairs both the production of bone-forming cells and the narrowing of blood vessels. As a result, most orthopedic surgeons demand that patients stop smoking at least 4-6 months before and after surgery.
According to a 2014 study on spinal fusion used to treat neck and lower back disorders, 81% -85% of non-smokers’ procedures were successful, compared with 62% of patients was. same operations performed on habitual smokers. She also found that “more than 70% of non-smokers and those who stopped smoking were able to work again, while less than 50% of those who kept on puffing could resume work.”
In addition, smoking has a negative effect on the muscles’ ability to heal after the rotator cuff. Doctors also report that non smokers not only have a higher level of mobility after surgery, they experience less pain than smokers. Smoking can also interfere with anesthesia and increase the risk of complications such as pneumonia, stroke and heart attack during recovery.
This also applies to outpatient procedures such as abdominoplasty, facelift, and even breast augmentation, where the use of nicotine may interfere with the ability of blood vessels to transport enough oxygen to reconstituted tissue for it to heal properly. In severe cases, even large amounts of skin can be lost through necrosis.
Keep in mind that the heart and lungs do not perform as well as they should during and / or after surgery of any kind, and patients may need to wear respirators to help them breathe normally. However, it is important to emphasize that most (if not all) surgeons never refuse their services to anyone who needs surgery just because they smoke, although they encourage patients to abstain as long as possible to avoid complications , Even giving up for as little as 1 day to 1 week before going through the knife can help. Depending on the procedure, some even recognize that an exit, even in the short term, can lead to short-term stress.
Nevertheless, it is important to emphasize that most (if not all) surgeons never refuse their services to anyone who needs surgery just because they smoke, even though they encourage patients to abstain as long as possible, to avoid complications. Even giving up for as little as 1 day to 1 week before going through the knife can help. Depending on the procedure, some even recognize that an exit, even in the short term, can lead to short-term stress.